WHAT ABOUT THE NAME OF JESUS, OR YESHUA?
A TWO PART STUDY
Much controversy exists over this Name as well. There are those who believe that unless a person is baptized in the Name of Jesus ONLY, they will not be saved.
We have already seen that those who are strict adherents to the Name of Yahweh or Jehovah as THE TRUE NAME OF GOD, BY WHICH HE MUST BE CALLED, have obviously overlooked some other very important Names of the Most High God. Now, what about Jesus?
First, I would like to take you to the point of the Creation of man:
2 Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created. (KJV)
It is important to note here that collectively, the man and the woman's NAME (singular) was called Adam. The great majority who adhere to the "JESUS ONLY" doctrine make a case out of Matthew 28:19 which says:
19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: (KJV)
Those who adhere to the Name Of Jesus Only doctrine stress the fact that Jesus commanded the disciples to baptize in the NAME of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. They point out that this word "Name" is in the singular, hence, there must be one Name by which they must be baptized. It is impossible to address Matthew 28:19 in depth without addressing the issue of the TRINITY.
Those who adhere to the Jesus only doctrine are anti Trinitarian, and in the course of this study, I believe we will see the Truth of the Trinity revealed.
Notice that in Genesis 5:2, God called the man and the woman's NAME (singular) Adam. Yet Adam named his companion "Eve". So which was she? Was she Adam or Eve, or both? Collectively, the two were seen by their Creator as Adam.
At the beginning, there was no distinction of preference or of dominion of one over the other…they were simply Adam. The woman was created to be an "help meet" to the man. The meaning of this phrase "help meet" is that the woman would be there as Adam's counterpart, to help him, to assist him in all that he did. She was to be like a co-worker with him.
At the beginning, when God commanded them to be fruitful and multiply, I believe there was to be no pain to the woman in childbirth. The pain came as a result of sin. In the Creator's eyes, the man and the woman were ONE in purpose and in equality. That Adam understood this is seen in his own words:
23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. (KJV)
The word "one" here is translated as:
259 'echad (ekh-awd');
a numeral from 258; properly, united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first: KJV-- a, alike, alone, altogether, and, any (-thing), apiece, a certain, [daily-], each (one), + eleven, every, few, first, + highway, a man, once, one, only, other, some, together,
The same word (Echad) is used to describe the Most High God:
4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: (KJV)
LORD is translated as Yahweh (singular), and God is translated as "Elohim"(plural).
LORD: 3068 Yehovah (yeh-ho-vaw'); from 1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God: KJV-- Jehovah, the Lord. Compare 3050, 3069. GOD:
430 'elohiym (el-o-heem'); plural of 433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative: KJV-- angels, X exceeding, God (gods)- dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty.
Here we see that Elohim is a plural word. Yet Yhwh, Elohim is ONE (echad) God as the man and the woman are ONE (echad) flesh. I believe this speaks of the Trinity. One (echad) God revealed in three persons. Co equal, co-eternal.
In the beginning, mankind who was created in God's own image were also to be co-equal and co-eternal with one another. Death wasn't in the picture yet. The same word "Echad" is used to describe both Yahweh, and mankind who were created in His image.
In God's eyes, the man and the woman were two, but at the same time, in His eyes, they were truly one (echad), of the same flesh, of the same substance, of the same purpose.
Adam was not placed over the woman…until after the fall. Feminists declare the Bible to be male dominated…"Patriarchal", or chauvenistic…God isn't that way. He created them to be equal. Co-laborers in His Garden. I had mentioned that Adam and Eve were created in the IMAGE of God…Let's look at this creation.
7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. (KJV)
The word "formed" is the same word which is translated as "potter" in Isaiah 29:16 and elsewhere. He fashioned the man from the dust of the ground that was lightly watered by a mist that covered all the face of the earth.
We see that just as a potter, the Creator who was so intent on forming man in His image, took the moist earth, and formed a body. But the body by itself wasn't the image of God. God had made a shell, but this shell wasn't yet complete.
Next, to be created in the image of God, this creation needed a Spirit. So the Creator breathed in the man the breath of life. None of God's other creation had this done to them. The Creator simply spoke, and it was done. But humanity became the handcrafted Work of God made in His image. Adam was the signature of God in this canvas of creation. When you see humanity, you see the revelation of God.
After the Creator breathed the spirit of life in the man, the Bible tells us that the man became a living soul. As you see a person, you see a body, but the body is not all that you are looking at. You are looking at a Threefold being, created in the image of a Triune God. Paul says in the book of 1 Thessalonians,
23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. (KJV)
All three aspects of the one person needs to be preserved blameless until the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. Many people use illustrations to explain the Trinity. They use water…it can be liquid, solid (ice), and steam, but it is still water. With an egg, you see the outer shell, but without the yolk and the white, the egg is not complete. But I believe the crowning illustration of the proof of the Trinity is humanity who alone was created in the image of God. Body, soul, and spirit.
The Creator, Elohim (plural) said "Let us make man in our image…"
26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. (KJV)
The word "man" here is "Adam". But we see that right from the beginning "Adam" (humanity) was to be both male and female.
God had created the heavens and the earth, and all that was contained in them, and each day of the creation, each accomplishment was pronounced as good by God. But here on the sixth day, we see that after God created the male, he could not yet pronounce this creation as "good" because that which He had created in His image wasn't complete, because it was alone.
It was only after both the male and the female were completed and the Creator had given them their instructions that He called it good. (Gen 1:31). As long as the creation wasn't complete, it wasn't "good":
18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. (KJV)
Note that Yhwh (singular) Elohim (plural) said it was not good that man should be alone. Then He says "I" (singular) will make him an help meet. Remember that God wanted to make a co-laborer with the man. WHY? Because collectively, Yhwh Elohim was co-laboring to make man in THEIR image (Gen 1:26), to be LIKE THEM. Does that mean there are three or more Gods? I don't believe that is what the doctrine of the Trinity teaches. Let's see what happens:
19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. (KJV)
In the doctrine of the Trinity, we are taught that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are co-eternal, co-equal, and consubstantial (of the same substance). Here, as the Creator Jehovah Elohim sought to create the co-laborer for the man, we see that He did not produce her from the ground like He had the man, which would have produced a person of SIMILAR OR LIKE SUBSTANCE… To the contrary, He produced her from the very substance of the man, who pronounced her to be "Bone of my bones, flesh of my flesh".
As God the Son was of the same substance of the Father, so these beings created in His image were of the same substance of one another. Once the creation of humanity was complete, God announced that it was good.
So we have seen that mankind who was created in the image of the Triune God was created as a triune being…body soul and spirit. They were created of the same substance of one another, co-equal, but with different offices. As the woman came from the man, so the Son came from the Father. Same substance. Different Office, or Purpose.
Which brings us back to Matthew 28:19. "baptizing them in the NAME of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit."
We have seen that when God created the male and the female, He called their NAME (singular) Adam, because in His Eyes, they are one. See a few other places in Scripture where the singular word "Name" is used to refer to more than one person (I have capitalized the words for emphasis):
16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the NAME of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth. (KJV)
20 But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the NAME of other gods, even that prophet shall die. (KJV)
7 That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the NAME of their gods, nor cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them: (KJV)
2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the NAME of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. (KJV)
24 And call ye on the NAME of your gods, and I will call on the name of the LORD: and the God that answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken. (KJV)
25 And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first; for ye are many; and call on the NAME of your gods, but put no fire under.
26 And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.
27 And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, Cry aloud: for he is a god; either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth, and must be awaked.
28 And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon them. (KJV)
It is important to see here that Elijah challenged the priests of Baal to call on the NAME of their gods, (Elohim), and that Baal was called "he" and "a god" (both singular).
Those who attack the doctrine of the Trinity always point fingers and say that the doctrine comes from pagan sources. But I believe that the Triune God was revealed in the Creation account, and that men well understood the Trinity up to the time of the tower of Babel. When the Lord confused their languages, they brought a bit of their understanding of God with them. I believe that is why people say there are many similarities between different religions, and why there were types of trinities in many of the pagan religions.
Satan is a counterfeit and he counterfeits and distorts the Truth of God. But those of us who have found Jesus Christ have found the Truth, and we know that He is the only Way to eternal life. And instead of three or more gods, we see the Trinity as it really is…three persons in one God, or One God revealed in three persons; Co-eternal, co-equal, consubstantial, omniscient, omnipotent, omnipresent.
See how the pagans worshipped BAALIM (plural) as the NAME(singular) of BAAL:
17 For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their NAME. (KJV)
More on how the singular use of the word Name was used to refer to more than one person:
1 Chr 17:8
8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the NAME of the great men that are in the earth. (KJV)
Ezra 2:61 61 And of the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their NAME: (KJV)
So Biblically, it has been established that the word "NAME" Matt. 28:19 could imply names, even though it is in the singular.
The next question that arises, is "what is the name of the Father, or of the Holy Spirit, if we are to baptize in their NAME?"